Skin Care Routine and Tips On How to Maintain Healthy Skin

No matter your age, a skin care routine is a vital process.  It’s like taking your daily dose of vitamins.  Here are some day-to-day rules of thumb to maintain healthy skin:

  • Get 8 hours of sleep every night
  • Drink 8 glasses of water a day
  • Take vitamins that are high in antioxidants
  • Apply skin care products

We don’t want to bombard you with the science of it, so here’s a simple enough skin care routine that’s imperative to maximize your beauty inside and out.  Learn how to create the best skin care routine just for you.

 

What is your genetic makeup?

Fitzpatrick skin care scale

Face it, you’re born with it!  Your skin condition is a part of your genetic makeup as well as your ethnicity.  It’s nondiscriminatory and does not care what color, age, or sex you are.  There’s a scale that can tell you how to tolerate sun exposure called The Fitzpatrick Scale and it’s something everyone should know, especially when going out and buying products that can be aggressive to the skin.  For example, applying too much AHA’s (Alpha Hydroxy Acids) without sun protection can potentially irritate your skin.

 

Know your skin type

There are 4 different skin types: Dry, Normal, Combination, and Oily.  Dehydrated and sensitive skins are characteristics of the skin type.  Dry Skin lacks oil and normal protection from the sebum.  Normal skin is well balanced with enough water and oil production.  Oily skin produces too much oil.  Dehydration is when our skin lacks water and you can readily see dehydration on the face.  Sensitive skin irritates easily by sun, heat, stress, climate and products.

 

Target pore size

Take a look at your T-Zone in the mirror and look at your pores.  Your pore size determines your skin type.  Dry skin usually has smaller pores and they are harder to see.  Normal pore size can be seen from the edge of the nose, outward towards the center of face.  For medium to small pore size then it’s considered “normal”.  Combination skin usually has large to medium size pores visible from the cheeks to the nose.  Oily skin generally has large pores that can be seen on most of the face.

 

Products to use in your daily and weekly routine

Cleansers: For dry skin use a milky cleanser or a cleansing cream which is emollient based to soften the skin. For Oily or combination skin, use a foamy cleanser to kill bacteria and leave the skin feeling clean and tight.  For normal to combination skin you may want to try a cleansing lotion which may be an emulsion that is water based.

 

Toners:  Toners are debatable for some skin care enthusiasts.  Some choose not to use it in their routine and others can’t live without it.   The main purpose of a toner is to tighten and to cleanse.  They can be used to remove excess oil, makeup, dirt and on other impurities from the skin.  Toners are also known to even restore the level of our PH and aid in skin conditions, based on their ingredients.

 

Exfoliants:  There are many types of exfoliants ranging from enzyme peels, brushes, scrubs, peeling creams, you name it and it’s out there on the market.  It’s very important to choose the right exfoliant for your skin type.  Exfoliate once a week for dry to normal skin, and for combination and oily skin exfoliate twice a week.  Exfoliating will help with cell turn over and improved moisture in the cells, which also keeps the skin smooth and stimulates blood flow.  Exfoliation treatments should start with circular hand motions on the face, moving from in to out.

 

Mask:  To receive the best glow to your skin you should mask at least once a week.   Masking helps to improve the health of your skin by drawing out impurities. It tones, tightens, calms, and soothes.  By hydrating dry or dehydrated skin you can even clear up acne prone skin while rejuvenating and nourishing the cells.  A hydrating mask is intended for dry or dehydrated skin, while a clay type mask is used for oily or acne prone skin.

 

Serums:  Serums are like vitamins for our skin.  They maintain the health of our skin by targeting a specific concern due to their high concentration of ingredients.  They have a gel based texture with oil or water based emollients. Serums treat specific problems to whatever your skin desires. Serums nourish and penetrate deep in to the layers of the skin.  They combat dark spots, regenerate skin elasticity, kill bacteria on the skin (which prevents break outs), tighten, brighten and tone, all while fighting free radicals.  Serums can be used at the age of 18 and up.  There are serums suitable for the younger population and there are even anti- aging serums for those who are 30 and up.

 

Eye Creams:   For those who want to minimize crow’s feet, dark circles and puffiness or even brighten under the eye, then an eye cream is a must to have in your skin care routine.  Youths can use an eye cream that hydrates tired eyes and contain an SPF for sun protection. For mature skin look for key ingredients to help cell regeneration, tighten skin, reduce wrinkles and produce collagen and elasticity like newly developed ingredients such as Argireline and matrixyl-3000.

 

Moisturizers are great for every skin type and contain active ingredients available for dry, mature, and acne prone skin.  Some moisturizers are more emollient based than others which can protect the skin by improving water retention in the skins cells. This is key for hydration and the overall balance and health of the skin cells.  There are creams used for daytime and creams that are specifically for night.  Night creams are thicker or heavier and intended for those who have mature skin. They provide more moisture to the skin while we sleep and penetrate into the epidermis or the outer most layer of the skin.   So depending on what your goal is and what your skin needs, choose accordingly.

 

SPF Sunscreens protect our skin from cancer, hyperpigmentation, aging, fine lines, wrinkles, and loss of elasticity.  Always use an SPF that is 30 or higher to block out the UVA and UVB rays.  UVA are aging rays and UVB are burning rays.  A full spectrum sunscreen will protect your skin from both.  UVB protective ingredients include octyl methoxycinnamate, titanium doixide, octyl salicylatae and oxybenzone. UVA protective ingredients include butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane, zinc oxide and titanium dioxide and avobenzone.   Sunscreen should be applied hourly if you are outdoors or doing water sports or other activities.   

 

For a healthy skin care routine these are the products you should use on a daily basis:  

1.) Cleanser

2.) Toner

3.) serums/eye creams

4.) Moisturizers/SPF

 

A nightly cleansing routine  Consists of your daily routine except for SPF.  At night your moisturizer could be a heavy cream for those who have dry or more mature skin.

On a weekly basis add an exfoliant and a mask to your regiment.  Exfoliate at least twice a week to remove dirt, makeup and impurities and mask once a week.   Follow this routine religiously and the health of your skin will thank you for it!

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